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Bulgaria-Land of Outstanding Beauty

by www.EasternEuropeans.co.uk
Bulgaria-Land of Outstanding Beauty
Located on the northeastern portion of the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe, Bulgaria is truly a land of outstanding beauty, linking the East and the West. Bulgaria's geography varies from vast lowlands in the north, highlands and elevated plains in the south, and the beautiful Black Sea coast in the east. The Maritsa is the principal river here, but the Danube runs through this country as well. The wildlife here include some of the most rare species in Europe. Stunning beaches and bays attract visitors all year long. Bulgaria boasts of well maintained and picturesque hiking and horseback-riding trails and eight UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) sites. Bulgaria is also famous for its wonderful folk music which is so noteworthy that it was sent into space by NASA.

One of oldest states in Europe, Bulgaria has a rich and varied history dating back to 3500 B.C. when the Thracians began living there. It became part of the Roman Empire in the first century. The Bulgurs took over the region in 679 and controlled it until it was made a Turkish province by the Ottoman Empire in 1396. The government here was oppressive until Russia forced Turkey to give Bulgaria its independence in 1878. Bulgaria sided with the Nazis in World War II switching sides when Russia entered the war. Soon after a Communist Coalition took over, and a Soviet-style republic was set up in 1947. During the 1990's power changed hands from the UDF (Union of Democratic Forces) and the BSP (Bulgarian Socialist Party). In June 2005, a coalition government was formed with Sergei Stanishev as prime minister. In 2007 Bulgaria became a member of the European Union.

Because of its rich history, Bulgaria boasts these eight amazing UNESCO landmarks:

The Madara Horseman-This most significant piece of monumental art from the Middle Ages is a 23 meter high rock relief. It is on the northern slope of the Provadiisko Plateau.

The Rila Monastery-This is the spiritual center of the Bulgarian people. It was founded in the 10th century and rebuilt in the 13th and 14th century. It was a literary center in the 15th century.

The Kazanluk Tomb-A Thracian tomb from the late 4th and early3rd century B.C. that contains strikingly beautiful murals.

Ivan Rock Chambers-Located in the Rock of the RousenskiLom Nature Park is a Rock Monastery of the Archangel Michael with some partially preserved churches. The murals in the Church of the Holy Virgin are some of the most significant achievements of Bulgarian Medieval Art.

The Sveshtari Tomb-This is a 3rd century B.C. tomb featuring high relief antimpressive caryatides in the central burial chamber.

Nessebur-This reserve on the Black Sea coast has revival period homes and churches from the 5th and 17th centuries. It is an architectural, archeological, and historical reserve offering endless interest for the traveller.

Sreburna Reserve-Located in the Danube River valley, this reserve is a host to rare plant and animal species and includes Sreburna Lake. Rare species are found here that are scarce in other parts of Europe.

Pirin National Park-Part of the scenic Pirin Mountain, this park includes the BayuviDoupki-Dzhindzhiritsa Biosphere Reserve and the Yulen Reserve.

Bulgaria's rich cultural history is reflected in its cuisine as well. The food is full of variety, and is a mix of local and foreign influences. The ingredients are combined in a way that is uniquely Bulgarian. Lentil stew is a Bulgarian specialty and well as Moussaka and Bantiza, a baked cheese pastry. The most famous food here is yoghurt which the residents maintain contributes to their longevity.

The capital for Bulgarian's 8 million people is Sofia. The Roman Emperor Constantine called this city 'My Rome'. It contains more than 250 architectural, archeological or historical sites. Sofia has many hotels for tourists and residents alike. Many Tours are available from Sofia. Some of the amazing tours include a tour of the UNESCO sites, a monastery tour, a seaside and cultural heritage tour. These are just a few of the many available.

Visitors to Bulgaria will encounter a vast world of history and art. They will experience unique food and cultural variety as well as georgous scenery and fascinating wildlife. Bulgaria has something to offer everyone who visits this land of outstanding beauty.

www.easterneuropeans.co.uk - Promoting All Cultures

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